Grapevine training

The arrangement of plant parts spatially, done to develop a structure that optimizes the utilization of sunlight and promotes productivity, adapts to the characteristics of the grape cultivar, promotes efficient and sustainable vineyard management practices, and is economical to establish


The onset of ripening. The change of color of the grape berries. Veraison represents the transition from berry growth to berry ripening, and many changes in berry development occur at veraison.


The biological mechanism that produces seedlessness in some fruits, even though those fruits have undergone normal pollination and fertilization. The resulting embryo is aborted, but the fruit continues to grow. The remains of the undeveloped seed can be seen in


Grape variety used as the underground portion of a grafted vine onto which the scion is grafted. Bred to provide pest resistance and/or adaptability to unfavorable soil or environmental conditions.